Friday, March 15, 2019
In 1199 Richard died, and John claimed the throne of England. He was veritable by Normandy, and his m other secured Aquitaine, but his claim to the rest was in trouble. He had to urge and negotiate and he was challenged by his nephew Arthur. In concluding peace, Arthur unplowed Brittany (held from John), while John held his lands from the King of France, who was recognised as Johns overlord on the continent, in a manner greater than was of all time forced out of Johns father. This would befuddle a of the essence(p) impact later in the reign. However, historians who have cast a thoughtful eye over Johns early reign have identified a crisis had already begun many nobles distrusted John because of his previous actions, and doubted whether he would treat them correctly. The marriage to Isabella of Gloucester was dissolved because of alleged consanguinity, and John looked for a hot bride. He found one in the form of another Isabella, inheritrix to Angoulme, and he married her as he tried to involve himself in the machinations of the Angoulme and Lusignan family. Unfortunately Isabella had been engaged to Hugh IX de Lusignan and the result was a rebellion by Hugh and the involvement of French King Philip II. Had Hugh married Isabella, he would have commanded a powerful region and threatened Johns power in Aquitaine, so the break benefitted John. But, while marrying Isabella was a provocation to Hugh, John proceed to snub and anger the man, pushing his rebellion. In his position as French King, Philip ordered John to his court as he could any other noble who held lands from him, but John refused. Philip then revoked Johns lands and a war began, but this was more a move to strengthen the French crown than any vote of faith in Hugh. John began by capturing a ma... ...ution. These talks took place at Runnymede, and on June 15 1215 arranging was made on the Articles of the Barons. Later known as Magna Carta, this became one of the diametric documents in English , and to some extents western, history. In the short term, Magna Carta lasted just three months forrader the war between John and the rebels continued. Innocent III supported John, who enamored back hard at the barons lands, but he rejected a chance to attack London and instead boney the north. This allowed time for the rebels to appeal to Prince Louis of France, for him to gather an army, and for a successful landing to publication place. As John retreated north again rather than fight Louis he fell ill and died. This proved a blessing for England as the regency of Johns son Henry were able to reissue Magna Carta, frankincense splitting the rebels into two camps, and Louis was soon ejected.